Ultimate Wild Betta Unimaculata Care Guide
A Pair Of Wild Betta Unimaculata (Copyright: @pedrothefishkeepe On Instagram)

Ultimate Wild Betta Unimaculata Care Guide

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Ultimate Wild Betta Unimaculata Care Guide – The Betta Unimaculata is another wild tropical betta fish from Indonesia. These fish are endemic betta fish from Kalimantan island, which same as betta Albimarginata and betta Hendra,

These betta fish including under family Osphronemidae. They also knew as betta Howong. They originate from upper Kayan (Kajan) and howong drainages in East Kalimantan province, Indonesia. These areas are very remotes and just accessible by small boat.

They usually inhabit isolated streams with clear and flowing water and also live in forest streams with turbid waters in their habitat. Popta described these wild betta fish species in 1905.

 

Ultimate Wild Betta Unimaculata Care Guide

Ultimate Wild Betta Unimaculata Care Guide
Copyright: @snakehead_betta On Instagram

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Appearance

They can reach body length until 12.6 Cm TL, which they the huge fish among other betta species. The male betta Unimaculata generally has intense blue-green coloration with and/or without iridescence and also may/not having a horizontal band on their body.

While the female betta Unimaculata has pale color body coloration, same as other betta species. But some females maybe has less intense blue-green coloration on their bodies. Female also has the horizontal band on their body.

Read Also:  A Fun Facts Of The Very Rarest And Most Different A Wild Betta Macrostoma Or Brunei Beauty Fish

Ultimate Wild Betta Unimaculata Care Guide
An Adult Female Betta Unimaculata (Copyright: @bettatribe On Instagram)

 

Ultimate Wild Betta Unimaculata Care Guide
An Adult Male Betta Unimaculata (Copyright: @natural.fish.borneo On Instagram)

The male has blue stripes edging in black color on the outside while the spots on the inside. The female usually has pale fin coloration. The males normally grow larger and have a broader head shape than females.

 

Housing

They are rather peaceful fish, but only the males are more aggressive to each other. They can be housed in pairs or community tanks. For keeping a single pair, you should use at least a 10-gallon aquarium, and for a community tank, you can use 20-gallon or larger. If you want to keep them more than a single pair, you should use an aquarium at least a 40-gallon tank.

Like their habitat, they typically inhabit sluggish water, so you should use a soft aquarium filter machine. They also prefer an environment with more hiding areas to add some driftwood, rocks, or tall and dense aquarium plants to the tank.

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Ultimate Wild Betta Unimaculata Care Guide
Tank Setup Idea For Wild Betta Unimaculata (Copyright: @bettatribe On Instagram)

Adding some floating aquatic plants like Salvinia natans will give them more happiness because they prefer swimming or chilling around the aquarium’s shady area.

Use aquarium substrate with dark colors such as black sand or soil with dark colors. It will make their color looks very contrasting in the tank. Betta Unimaculata, tending prefers to dim lighting, uses a low-tech aquarium LED lamp.

They can live in an aquarium with having water temperature between 21 – 26 °C, water pH between 5.0 – 7.5, and water hardness between 0 – 179 ppm.

 

Feeding

The wild betta Unimaculata is carnivorous. In the wild, they usually hunt some small insects, invertebrates, or zooplankton. But, they also accept dried food like flakes or betta fish pellets. However, feeding some live or frozen food like artemia or bloodworms is necessary to their coloration and growth.

Read Also: “Betta Smaragdina” The Interesting Wild Betta Fish Whose Live In Rice Paddy

Ultimate Wild Betta Unimaculata Care Guide
Betta Unimaculata Fry (Copyright: Anh Tran @bwaquatics.com)

 

Tankmates

As we know, they can be peaceful fish. Betta Unimaculata can keep together with other peaceful fish like siamese algae eater, kuhli loach, platy, molly, tetra, etc. But you should not keep two or more males betta Unimaculata in the less than 40-gallon aquarium.

Read Also: Knowing All Fun Facts Of The Wild Betta Imbellis Or Peaceful Betta Fish

 

Breeding

They belong to mouthbrooder, same with their cousin’s betta Rubra. Females betta Unimaculata generally initiate spawning. Generally, they spawn near the bottom of the aquarium and toward nightfall.

The aquarium vegetations are important in the spawning session. You could add pipes or flower pots for caves, and it will help them in spawn.

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Ultimate Wild Betta Unimaculata Care Guide
Copyright: @blacklabelbettas On Instagram

 

Ultimate Wild Betta Unimaculata Care Guide
Betta Unimaculata In Spawn (Copyright: @bettatribe On Instagram)

When they are spawn, the male will wrap the female, and at the same time, she will lay the eggs, and then the male will fertilize them.

After spawn is completed, the male will take over to care for the eggs. It will incubate by the male on his mouth between 10-14 days.

Once the incubation is complete, the male will begin to release the fully-formed fry. At this point, the male can be removed from the breeding tank, and the fry can start to be fed with brine shrimp.